It is, however, the second most common element in Earth's crust. Silicon makes up about 28% of the Earth's crust. Tom Brady roasts himself in tweet praising LeBron James Non-crystalline silica is found in glass, silicon carbide, and silicone. These minerals account for 90% of the Earth's crust. One common compound is silicon dioxide (SiO 2), which is more commonly known as silica. China is the world’s largest silicon producer, with a production volume estimated at 4.5 million metric tons in 2019. The 10 absolute best deals for Amazon Prime Day 2020. These materials are much less hazardous to the lungs. The earth's crust consists of approximately 27.7 percent silicon. Where is silicon found on Earth? Silicon is hard but easily breakable and is grayish blue in color. Silicon is a chemical element with an atomic number of 14 and the chemical symbol, Si. Silicon is a mineral that, like calcium and vitamin D, can help improve the strength of your bones and lower your risk for osteoporosis, according to an article published in the "International Journal of Endocrinology" in 2013. Valley of Heart’s Delight. Silicon is also very abundant in the Earth's crust and is the seventh most plentiful element in the universe. Silicon as a pure element is almost never found in nature. The element has a melting point of 2,577°F, and a boiling point of 5,909°F. Early in the 20th century the area now called Silicon Valley was a bucolic region dominated by agriculture and known as the “Valley of Heart’s Delight” owing to the popularity of the fruits grown in its orchards. The main varieties of crystalline silica are the rocks quartz, cristobalite, and tridymite. In nature, it is commonly found as silicon dioxide (quartz), but can also be found bonded with many other elements. Silicon was first discovered by a Swedish chemist named Jons Jacob Berzelius in 1894. The element silicon is created through a process where carbon and sand are heated to temperatures close to 3,992 degrees Fahrenheit. It is generally not found on Earth in its free form, but is usually found in silicate minerals. Silicon is found naturally in the earth's crust and in minerals like silicon dioxide or silica. It is roughly bounded by San Francisco Bay on the north, the Santa Cruz Mountains on the west, and the Diablo Range on the east. It’s most commonly found as a silicate (SiO 4, or one silicon atom bound to four oxygen atoms) and silica (SiO 2, or one silicon atom bound to two oxygen atoms). Silicon looks like a metal and has a metallic glint. Check out our previous post that explains what silica is. Silicon is an abundant nonmetallic element found throughout the universe. Before we can talk about where silica is found, it’s important to understand exactly what silica is. 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